The United Nations Special Commission on Palestine (UNSCOP) recommended that Palestine be divided into an Arab state and a Jewish state. The commission called for Jerusalem to be put under international administration. The original plan called for Beersheba to be part of Israel. That is the map of the "majority plan" shown here, drawn on the Palestine Survey map of 1946.
However, the United States State department wanted all of the Negev to be part of the Palestinian state. A compromise affected between President Truman and Chaim Weizmann gave Beersheba (Birsaba) to the Arabs, and a small strip of land near the Dead Sea was given to the Jews, as marked on the map. The UN General Assembly adopted this plan on Nov. 29, 1947 as UN Resolution (GA 181). The plan for "partition with economic union" divided the land into several cantons. Both the Jewish state and the Arab state had 3 cantons each that touched each other south of Nazareth and near Gaza. The borders of this plan are shown in the map below. This jigsaw puzzle would have been difficult to implement for friendly populations, and was impossible to implement given the hostility between Arabs and Jews. Click here for more history.
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