The Teheran declaration was a response to U.S.- backed 2009 IAEA proposal for Iran to swap all of its partially enriched uranium with fully enriched uranium to be supplied by Russia and France to fuel the Teheran medical reactor. This would reduce Iran's stockpile of enriched uranium that could be used to make an atomic bomb, and allow time for negotiations. But Iran set various conditions that would nullify the purpose of the swap and continued to enrich uranium (ref).
After missing the deadline for response to the IAEA proposal, and meanwhile accumulating sufficient additional refined uranium to make a nuclear weapon, Iran agreed to swap only a portion of its accumulated uranium for fully enriched uranium to be supplied by Brazil and used in the Tehran medical reactor. Turkey would keep the light enriched uranium, but it would remain property of Iran. The IAEA did not accept the Tehran declaration and no fuel swap ever took place.
By May 31, 2010 Iran had accumulated about 2.4 tons of lightly enriched uranium according to an IAEA report. (ref). Therefore, removing 1.2 tons of lightly enriched uranium, as proposed in Tehran declaration, would be inconsequential. The Bushehr nuclear plant, which began taking on fuel in August, received fuel rods from Russia and did not use any of the Iranian stockpile (ref).
Ami Isseroff (September 5, 2010)
Notice - Copyright
This introduction is Copyright 2010 byMidEastWeb http://www.mideastweb.org and the author. Please tell your friends about MidEastWeb and link to this page. Please do not copy this page to your Web site. You may print this page out for classroom use provided that this notice is appended, and you may cite this material in the usual way. Other uses by permission only. The source material below is placed in the public domain and is free of copy restrictions.