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Bibliography -  Countries of the Middle East and North Africa
















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 Main Books and Special Topics


Azoy, G. Whitney, Buzkashi, game and power in Afghanistan, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982.

Bergen, Peter, Holy War, Inc: Inside the Secret World of Osama bin Laden, NYC, Free Press, 2001.

Brisard, Jean Charles and Guillaume Dasquie, Forbidden Truth: U.S.-Taliban Secret Oil Diplomacy and the Failed Hunt for Bin Laden, Thunder's Mouth Press, 2002, ISBN: 1560254149, Buy/Reviews.

Hubbard, Mark, Warriors of the Prophet: The Struggle for Islam, Boulder, Westview Press, 1998.

Kakar, M. Hassan, The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response 1979-1982, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1997.

Kaplan, Robert, Soldiers of God: With Islamic Warriors in Afghanistan and Pakistan, NYC, Vintage Books, 1990.

Macrory, Patrick, Retreat from Kabul: The Incredible Story of How a Savage Afghan Force Massacred the World's Most Powerful Army, Guilford, CT, Lyons Press, 2002.

Magnus, Ralph H. Naby, Eden, Afghanistan : Mullah, Marx, and Mujahid (Nations of the Contemporary Middle East), Denver, Westview Press, 2000.

Pedersen, Gorm, Nicolaise, Oda, Afghan Nomads in Transition : A Century of Change Among the Zala Khan Khel, Thames and Hudson, 1995.

Rashid, Ahmed, Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil & Fundamentalism in Central Asia, New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2001, ISBN: 0300089023, Buy/Reviews.

Tanner, Stephen, Afghanistan: A Military History from Alexander the Great to the Fall of the Taliban, NYC, Da Capo, 2002.

11 entries. Updated: 01.08.03


Adamson, Kay, Algeria : a study in competing ideologies, London ; Washington, DC, Cassell, 1997, ISBN: 0-304700126, Buy/Reviews.

Bedjaoui, Youcef, Abbas Aroua and Meziane Ait-Larbi (ed.), An Inquiry into the Algerian massacres, Geneva, Hoggar, 1999.

Berger, Anne-Emmanuelle (ed.), Algeria in others' languages, Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 2002, ISBN: 0-801-43919-1, Buy/Reviews.

Chikhi, Said, Algeria : from mass rebellion in October 1988 to workers' social protest, Uppsala, Sweden, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 1991.

Ciment, James, Algeria : the fundamentalist challenge, New York, Facts on File, 1997.

De Villiers, Marq, and Sheila Hirtle, Sahara: A Natural History, Walker & Co, 2002, ISBN: 0-802713726, Buy/Reviews.

Deane, Arsala, Algeria's June 5 1997 parliamentary election, Washington, DC, National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, 1997.

Djaout, Tahar, The Last Summer of Reason, St. Paul, MN, Ruminator Books, 2001, ISBN: 1886913579, Buy/Reviews.

Entelis, John P. and Phillip C. Naylor (ed.), State and society in Algeria, Bouldeer, CO, Westview Press, 1992.

Fuller, Graham E., Algeria : the next fundamentalist state?, Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 1996, On line .

Gordon, David, North Africa's French Legacy, Cambridge, Harvard Middle Eastern Monograph Series, 1962.

Hammoudi , Abdellah and Stuart Schaar (ed.), Algeria's impasse, Princeton, N.J, Center of International Studies, Princeton University, 1995.

Hibbard, Scott W. and David Little, Islamic activism and U.S. foreign policy, Washington, DC, United States Institute of Peace Press, 1997.

Hugh Roberts, Embattled Algeria - 1988-2002: Studies in a Broken Polity, Verso, 2003, ISBN: 1-85984-684-X, Buy/Reviews.

Human Rights Watch, Algeria's human rights crisis, NYC, Human Rights Watch, 1998, ISBN: 1080-6199, Buy/Reviews.

Hunter, Shireen, The Algerian crisis : origins, evolution and lessons for the Maghreb and Europe, Brussels, Centre for European Policy Studies, 1996.

Joffe, George, Algeria: The Failed Revolution, London, Routledge, 2003, ISBN: 0-415-27427-3.

Kiser, John W., The Monks of Tibhirine: Faith, Love and Terror in Algeria, NYC, Griffin, 2003, ISBN: 0-312-30294-0, Buy/Reviews.

Kumamoto, Robert D., International Terrorism & American Foreign Relations 1945-1976, Boston, MA, Northeastern University Press, 1999, ISBN: 1-55553-389-2, Buy/Reviews.

Laremont, Ricardo Rene, Islam and the politics of resistance in Algeria, 1783-1992, Trenton, N.J, Africa World Press, 1999.

Lawless, Richard I., Algeria (bibliography, Santa Barbara, Calif, Clio Press, 1995.

Malley, Robert, The call from Algeria : third worldism, revolution, and the turn to Islam, Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 1996.

Pelletiere, Stephen C., Mass action and Islamic fundamentalism : the revolt of the Brooms, Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 1992.

Pierre, Andrew J. and William B. Quandt, The Algerian crisis : policy options for the West, Washington, DC, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1996.

Piscatori James P. (ed.), Islam in the political process, Cambridge, Eng. ; NYC, Cambridge University Press, 1983, ISBN: 0-521-24941-4, Buy/Reviews.

Quandt, William B., Between ballots and bullets : Algeria's transition from authoritarianism, Washington, DC, Brookings Institution, 1998, ISBN: 0-815-77301-3, Buy/Reviews.

Reudy, John, Modern Algeria: The Origins and Development of a Nation, Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 1992.

Roberts, Hugh, The Battlefield: Algeria 1988-2002, Studies in a Broken Polity, NYC, Verso Books, 2003, ISBN: 185984684X, Buy/Reviews.

Ruedy, John (ed.), Islamism and secularism in North Africa, NYC, St. Martin's Press, 1994.

Ruedy, John, Modern Algeria : the origins and development of a nation, Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1992.

Sammakia, Nejla, Algeria, elections in the shadow of violence and repression, New York, N.Y, Human Rights Watch/ Middle East, 1999.

Shah-Kazemi, Reza (ed.), Algeria : revolution revisited, London, Islamic World Report, 1997.

Stone, Martin, The Agony of Algeria, NYC, Columbia Univ Press, 1997.

United Nations, Algeria : report of Eminent Panel, July-August 1998, NYC, UN Department of Public Information, 1998, ISBN: 9211007992, Buy/Reviews.

United Nations, Algeria Report of August 1998, NYC, UN, 1998, On line .

Volpi, Frederic, Islam and democracy : the failure of dialogue in Algeria, 1988-2001, Sterling, VA, Pluto Press, 2002, ISBN: 0-745-31976-9, Buy/Reviews.

Willis, Michael, The Islamist challenge in Algeria : a political history, London, Ithaca Pr, 1996.

Yacoubian, Mona, Algeria's struggle for democracy, New York, NY, Council on Foreign Relations, 1997.

Zartman, I. William and William Mark Habeeb (ed.), Polity and society in contemporary North Africa, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1993.

39 entries. Updated: 11.01.04


Al Khalifah, Hamad Bin Isa, First Light: Modern Bahrain and Its Heritage, NYC, Kegan Paul Intl, 1995, ISBN: 0-710304943, Buy/Reviews.

Al-Fahim, Mohammed, From Rags to Riches: A Story of Abu Dhabi, London, I.B. Tauris, 2001, ISBN: 1860642330, Buy/Reviews.

Clarke, Angela, Bahrain oil and development, 1929-1989, International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development, 1990, ISBN: 0918714257, Buy/Reviews.

Kanoo, Khalid M., The House of Kanoo: A Century of an Arabian Family Business, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1998, ISBN: 1860642349, Buy/Reviews.

Momen, Moojan (ed.), Selections from the Writings of E.G. Browne on the Babi and Baha'i Religions, Oxford, George Ronald, 1987.

5 entries. Updated: 01.08.03

Egypt-Click Here

Iran-Click Here

Iraq-Click Here

Israel: Modern Israel  Israel & Palestine before 1918 - From Ancient times through Ottoman Rule Mandate Palestine


Abdullah, (HM Abdullah King of Jordan), My Memoirs Completed, London, Longman Group, Ltd, 1978.

Abu-Odeh, Adnan, Jordanians, Palestinians, and the Hashemite Kingdom in the Middle East Peace Process, DC, United States Institute of Peace, 1999, ISBN: 1878379887, Buy/Reviews.

Anonymous, Proceedings of the Expert Group Meeting on the Implications of Agenda 21 for Integrated Water Management in the ESCWA Region, Amman, 2-5 October 1995, NYC, UN, 1996.

Antoun, Richard T., Arab village; a social structural study of a Transjordanian peasant community, Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1972.

Antoun, Richard T., Low-key politics : local-level leadership & change in the Middle East, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1979.

Ewing, William., Arab and Druze at home; a record of travel and intercourse with the peoples east of the Jordan, London, T. C. & E. C. Jack, 1907.

Glubb, John Bagot, A Soldier with the Arabs, London, Staughton and Hodder, 1957.

Glubb, John Bagot, The Story of the Arab Legion, Da Capo Press, 1976.

Gubser, Peter, Historical Dictionary of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Scarecrow Press, 1991, ISBN: 0-810824493, Buy/Reviews.

Hassan bin Talal, Jordan's quest for peace in the Middle East, London, David Davies Memorial Institute of International Studies, 1984.

Layne, Linda L., Home and homeland : the dialogics of tribal and national identities in Jordan, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1994.

Libiszewski, Stephan, Water disputes in the Jordan Basin Region and their role in the resolution of the Arab Israeli Conflict, Zurich, Center for Security Studies and Conflict Research, 1995, Buy/Reviews.

Lowi, Miriam, Water and power : the politics of a scarce resource in the Jordan River basin, Cambridge, Eng, Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Lukacs, Yehuda, Israel, Jordan, and the Peace Process, Syracuse, Syracuse University Press, 1997.

Massad , Joseph Andoni, Colonial Effects, NYC, Columbia University Press, 2001, ISBN: 0-23112323X, Buy/Reviews.

Noor, (Queen of Jordan, Leap of Faith: Memoirs of an Unexpected Life, Miramax, 2003, ISBN: 0-786867175, Buy/Reviews.

Palva, Heikki., Narratives and poems from Hesban : Arabic texts recorded among the semi-nomadic al-`Agarma tribe, al-Balqa' district, Jordan, Goteborg, Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 1978.

Rogan, Eugene L. and Tariq Tell (ed.), Village, Steppe and State: The Social Origins of Modern Jordan, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1995, ISBN: 1850438293, Buy/Reviews.

Salameh, Elias and Helen Bannayan, Water resources of Jordan: present status and future potentials, Amman, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 1993.

Shlaim Avi, Collusion across the Jordan-King Abdullah, the Zionist Movement and the Partition of Palestine, NYC, Clarendon Press, 1988.

Shlaim, Avi, The Politics of Partition: King Abdullah, The Zionists, and Palestine, 1921-1951, NYC, Oxford, 1990.

Sinai, Anne and Allen Pollack, The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the West Bank, NY, American Academic Association for Peace in the Middle East, 1977.

22 entries. Updated: 01.08.03


Al-Mughni, Haya, Women in Kuwait: The Politics of Gender, NYC, St Martins Press, 2001, ISBN: 0-863563589, Buy/Reviews.

Crystal, Jill, Kuwait: The Transformation of an Oil State, Boulder,CO, Westview Press, 1992, ISBN: 0-813308887, Buy/Reviews.

Crystal, Jill, Oil and Politics in the Gulf : Rulers and Merchants in Kuwait and Qatar, Cambridge, Eng, Cambridge University Press, 1995, ISBN: 0-521466350, Buy/Reviews.

Longva, Anh Nga, Walls Built on Sand: Migration, Exclusion, and Society in Kuwait, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1997, ISBN: 0-813337852, Buy/Reviews.

Tetreault, Mary Ann, Stories of Democracy, NYC, Columbia University Press, 2000, ISBN: 0-231-11488-5, Buy/Reviews.

Tetreault, Mary Ann, The Kuwait Petroleum Corporation and the Economics of the New World Order, NYC, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995, ISBN: 0-899-30510-5, Buy/Reviews.

Villiers, Alan John, Sons of Sinbad; an account of sailing with the Arabs in their dhows, in the Red Sea, around the coasts of Arabia, ... the shipmasters, the mariners, and merchants of Kuwait, NYC, C. Scribner's Sons, 1940.

7 entries. Updated: 01.08.03


Dagher, Carole H., Bring Down the Walls : Lebanon's Post-War Challenge, Palgrave, 2000.

El Khazen, Farid, The Breakdown of the State in Lebanon 1967-1976, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2000, ISBN: 0-674-08105-6, Buy/Reviews.

Firro, Kais, Inventing Lebanon : nationalism and the state under the Mandate, London, I.B. Tauris, 2003.

Fisk, Robert, Pity the Nation: The Abduction of Lebanon, Atheneum, 1990.

Friedman, Thomas L., From Beirut to Jerusalem, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 1989.

Hudson, Michael, The Precarious Republic: Political Modernization in Lebanon, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1985, ISBN: 081330105X, Buy/Reviews.

Jaber, Hala, Hezbollah: Born with a Vengeance, NYC, Columbia University Press, 1997.

Johnson, Michael, All Honourable Men: The Societal Origins of War in Lebanon, London, I.B. Tauris, 2001, ISBN: 1-86064-715-4, Buy/Reviews.

Kamal, Salibi, A House of Many Mansions: The History of Lebanon Reconsidered, Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 1990, ISBN: 0-520-07196-4, Buy/Reviews.

Kamal, Salibi, Modern History of Lebanon, NYC, Caravan Books, 1977, ISBN: 0-882060155, Buy/Reviews.

Khouri, Philip S., Syria and the French mandate: the politics of Arab nationalism, 1920-1945, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1987.

Longrigg, Stephen Hemsley, Syria and Lebanon under French mandate, London, Oxford University Press, 1958.

Mackey, Sandra, Lebanon: Death of a Nation, Anchor Doubleday, 1989.

Norton, Augustus Richard, Amal and the Shi'a : Struggle for the Soul of Lebanon, Austin, Univ of Texas Press, 1987.

O'Ballance, Edgar, Civil War in Lebanon 1975-92, Palgrave, 1999.

Oz, Amos, The Slopes of Lebanon, Tel Aviv, Bartura, 1989.

Petran, Tabitha, The Struggle Over Lebanon, Monthy Review Press, 1987.

Randal, Jonathan, Going All the Way: Christian Warlords, Israeli Adventurers, and the War in Lebanon, NYC, Vintage Books, 1983.

Salem, Elise, Constructing Lebanon: A Century of Literary Narratives, Gainesville, University Press of Florida, 2003, ISBN: 0-813025966, Buy/Reviews.

Salibi K., A House of Many Mansions : the History of Lebanon Reconsidered, London, IB Tauris, 1988.

Schiff, Zeev and Ehud Yaari, Israel's Lebanon War, NYC, Simon and Schuster, 1984.

Shehadi, Nadim and Hourani, Albert H. (ed.), The Lebanese in the World : A Century of Emigration, London, I.B. Tauris, 1993.

Thompson, Elizabeth, Colonial Citizens : Republican Rights, Paternal Privilege, and Gender in French Syria and Lebanon (History and Society of the Modern Middle East series), NYC, Columbia Univ Press, 2000.

Tibawi, A. L., A Modern History of Syria, including Lebanon and Palestine, London, Macmillan Press, 1969.

Tibi, Bassam, The Challenge of Fundamentalism: Political Islam and the New World Disorder, University of California Press, 2002, Buy/Reviews.

Weinberger Naomi J., Syrian Intervention in Lebanon: The 1975-76 Civil War, NYC, Oxford University Press, 1986.

Yermiya, Dov, My War Diary: Lebanon June 5-July 1 1982, Boston, South End Press, 1983.

27 entries. Updated: 01.08.03


Amal Obeidi, Political Culture in Libya, Curzon Press, 2002, ISBN: 0-700712291, Buy/Reviews.

El-Kikhia, Mansour O., Libya's Qaddafi: The Politics of Contradiction, Gainesville, University Press of Florida, 1998, ISBN: 0-813015855, Buy/Reviews.

Gadaffi, Muammar, Escape To Hell and Other Stories, London, Blake Publishing Ltd, 1999, ISBN: 185782346X, Buy/Reviews.

St John, Ronald Bruce, Historical Dictionary of Libya, Scarecrow Press, 1998, ISBN: 0-81-0834952, Buy/Reviews.

St John, Ronald Bruce, Libya and the United States: Two Centuries of Strife, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002, ISBN: 0-812236726, Buy/Reviews.

Vandewalle, Dirk, Libya Since Independence: Oil and State-Building Cornell Univ Pr, Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1998, ISBN: 0-801485355, Buy/Reviews.

6 entries. Updated: 01.08.03


Combs-Schilling, M. E., Sacred performances : Islam, sexuality, and sacrifice (Marriage and religious customs in Morocco), New York, Columbia University Press, 1989.

De Villiers, Marq, and Sheila Hirtle, Sahara: A Natural History, Walker & Co, 2002, ISBN: 0-802713726, Buy/Reviews.

Dwyer, Daisy Hilse, Images and self-images : male and female in Morocco, New York, Columbia University Press, 1978.

Dwyer, Kevin, Moroccan dialogues : anthropology in question, Kevin Dwyer, Baltimore Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

Eickelman, Dale F, Knowledge and power in Morocco : the education of a twentieth-century notable, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1985.

Eickelman, Dale F, Moroccan Islam : tradition and society in a pilgrimage center, Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 1976.

Gellner, Ernest., Saints of the Atlas, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1969.

Muhammad, al-Hajj., The house of Si Abd Allah : the oral history of a Moroccan family, New Haven, Conn, Yale University Press, 1984.

Munson, Henry, Jr, Religion and Power in Morocco, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1993, ISBN: 0-300-05376-2, Buy/Reviews.

Pennell, C. R., Morocco since 1830: A History, NYC, New York University Press, 2001, ISBN: 0-814766773, Buy/Reviews.

Rabinow, Paul., Reflections on fieldwork in Morocco, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1977.

Rabinow, Paul., Symbolic domination; cultural form and historical change in Morocco, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1975.

Waterbury John, The Commander of the Faithful; the Moroccan Political Elite, NYC, Columbia University Press, 1970, ISBN: 0-231-03326-5, Buy/Reviews.

Zartman, I. William, The Political Economy of Morocco, Westport, CT, Praeger Publishers, 1987, ISBN: 0-275925935, Buy/Reviews.

14 entries. Updated: 01.08.03


Abouzeid, Leila, Year of the elephant : a Moroccan woman's journey toward independence, and other stories, Austin, Tex, University of Texas at Austin, 1989.

Allen, Calvin H., Oman, Chelsea House Pub Library, 2002, ISBN: 0-791065081, Buy/Reviews.

Allen, Calvin H. and W. Lynn Rigsbee, Oman Under Qaboos: From Coup to Constitution 1970-1996, London, Frank Cass & Co, 2000, ISBN: 0-714650013, Buy/Reviews.

Barth, Fredrik, Sohar, culture and society in an Omani town, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983.

Fernea, Elizabeth Warnock, In search of Islamic feminism : one woman's global journey, New York, Doubleday, 1998.

Frankfurter , David, Religion in Roman Egypt, Princeton, Princeton Univ Pr, 1998, ISBN: 0691026858, Buy/Reviews.

Kechichian, Joseph A., Oman and the World: The Emergence of an Independent Foreign Policy, Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 1995, ISBN: 0-833-023349, Buy/Reviews.

Malti-Douglas, Fedwa, Woman's body, woman's word : gender and discourse in Arabo-Islamic writing, Princeton, N.J, Princeton University Press1991?.

Owtram, Francis, A Modern History of Oman: Formation of the State Since 1920, London, I.B. Tauris, 2001, ISBN: 1-86064-617-4, Buy/Reviews.

Riphenburg, Carol J., Oman: Political Development in a Changing World, Westport, CT, Praeger Publishers, 1998, ISBN: 0-275-96144-3, Buy/Reviews.

10 entries. Updated: 01.08.03

Palestine & Palestinians- Click Here


Crystal, Jill, Oil and Politics in the Gulf : Rulers and Merchants in Kuwait and Qatar, Cambridge, Eng, Cambridge University Press, 1995, ISBN: 0-521466350, Buy/Reviews.

El-Nawawy, Mohammed and Adel Iskandar, Al Jazeera: How the Free Arab News Network Scooped the World and Changed the Middle East, Bouldeer, CO, Westview Press, 2002, ISBN: 0-813-34017-9, Buy/Reviews.

2 entries. Updated: 01.08.03

Saudi Arabia

Aburish, Said K, The Rise, Corruption and Coming Fall of the House of Saud, St. Martin's Press, 1996.

Al-Isfahani, Abu Faraj, Kitab al-Aghani. 20 Vols. Bulaq, 1284-85/1867-69. Vol. 21. Ed. R. Brunnow, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1888.

Al-Rashid, Maddawi, A History of Saudi Arabia, Cambridge, Eng, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2002, ISBN: 0-521-64412-7, Buy/Reviews.

Al-Tabari, Abu, Muhammad at Mecca. Edited and translated by W. M. Watt and M. V. McDonald. Vol. 6. The History of al-Tabar?, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1988.

Aldington, Richard, Lawrence of Arabia, A Biographical Enquiry 2nd ed, London, CoIlins, 1969.

Ansary, A.R. (ed.), Sources for the History of Arabia, Riyadh, University of Riyadh Press, 1957.

Arebi, Saddeka, Women and words in Saudi Arabia : the politics of literary discourse, New York, Columbia University Press, 1994.

Baer, Robert, Sleeping with the Devil: How Washington Sold Our Soul for Saudi Crude, Crown, 2003, Buy/Reviews.

Baladhuri, Ahmad b. Yahya, Ansab al-Ashraf Vol. IV A. Ed. Max Schloessinger and M. J. Kister, Jerusalem, Magnes Press, 1971.

Baladhuri, Ahmad b. Yahya, Ansab al-Ashraf. Vol. 1. Ed. M. Hamidullah, Cairo, Dar al-Ma'arif, 1959.

Baladhuri, Ahmad b. Yahya, Ansab al-Ashraf.Vol. 11. Ed. M. al-Mahmudi, Beirut, Dar al-Ta'aruf li'l- Matbu'at, 1974.

Baladhuri, Ahmad b. Yahya, Futuh al-Buldan Translated by Philip Hitti and Francis Murgotten as The Origins of the Islamic State. 2Vols, New York, Columbia University Press, 1924.

Baladhuri, Ahmad b. Yahya, Vol. V. Ed. S. D. Goitein, Jerusalem, Hebrew University Press, 1936.

Barger, Thomas C. and Timothy J. Barger, Out in the Blue: Letters from Arabia 1937-1940, Selwa, 2000, ISBN: 0-970-11573-3, Buy/Reviews.

Benjamin, Daniel and Steven Simon, The Age of Sacred Terror, 2002, Random House, 2002, ISBN: 0812969847, Buy/Reviews.

Bergen, Peter, Holy War, Inc: Inside the Secret World of Osama bin Laden, NYC, Free Press, 2001.

Bosworth, C. E., Sistan under the Arabs, Rome, 1968.

Bravmann, M. M., Spiritual Background of Early Islam, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1972.

Bremon , General Edouard, Le Hedjaz dans la Guerre Mondiale, Paris, Payot, 1931.

Brisard, Jean Charles and Guillaume Dasquie, Forbidden Truth: U.S.-Taliban Secret Oil Diplomacy and the Failed Hunt for Bin Laden, Thunder's Mouth Press, 2002, ISBN: 1560254149, Buy/Reviews.

Cahen, Claude, L'Islam des origines au debut de l'empire ottoman, Paris, Bordas, 1970.

Cordesman, Anthony, Saudi Arabia Enters the Twenty-First Century vol I, NYC, Greenwood, 2003, ISBN: 0-275-97998-9.

Cordesman, Anthony, Saudi Arabia Enters the Twenty-First Century vol II, NYC, Greenwood, 2003, ISBN: 0-275-97997-0.

Cresswell, K.A.C., Early Muslim Architecture, Oxford, Oxford Univ. Press, 1969.

Crone, Patricia, Slaves on Horses, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Dennet, D., Conversion and the Poll-Tax in Early Islam, Cambridge Mass, Harvard University Press, 1950.

Dixon, A. A., The Umayyad Caliphate, 684-705, London, Oxford Univ. Press, 1971.

Donner, F. M., The Early Islamic Conquests, New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 1981.

Doughty, Charles, Travels in Arabia Deserta, NYC, Dover, 1980, ISBN: 0486238253, Buy/Reviews.

Fandy, Mamoun, Saudi Arabia and the Politics of Dissent, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 2001, ISBN: 0-312238827, Buy/Reviews.

Farwell, Byron, Burton: A Biography of Sir Richard Francis Burton, NYC, Viking Press, 1988.

Gold, Dore, Hatred's Kingdom: How Saudi Arabia Supports the New Global Terrorism, Regnery, 2003, Buy/Reviews.

Hamidullah, M., The Battlefields of the Prophet Muhammad with Maps Illustrations and Sketches: A Contribution to Muslim Military History, Hyderabad, 1973.

Hawting, G. R., The First Dynasty of Islam: The Umayyad Caliphate A.D.661-750, London, Croom Helm Ltd.,1986, 1986.

Ibn 'Abd al-Hakam, Abu al-Qasim 'Abd al-Rahman, History of the Conquest of Egypt, North Africa and Spain, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1922.

Ibn Sa'd, Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir. Ed. Eduard Sachau et al. 9 Vols, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1904.

Kechichian, Joseph A., Succession in Saudi Arabia, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 2001, ISBN: 0-312-23880-0, Buy/Reviews.

Kelly, J., Arabia, The Gulf & The West, NYC, Basic Books, 1980.

Lawrence, T. E., Letters, Ed. by David Gamett. London, Jonathan Cape, 1938.

Lawrence, T. E., Secret Despatches from Arabia, London, Golden Cockerel Press, 1939.

Long, David, The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Gainesville, University Press of Florida, 1997, ISBN: 0-813-01471-9, Buy/Reviews.

Long, David E., The United States and Saudi Arabia: Ambivalent Allies, Denver, Westview Press, 1985.

Mackey, Sandra, The Saudis: Inside the Desert Kingdom, Updated Edition, NYC, W.W. Norton and Co, 2002, ISBN: 0-393324176, Buy/Reviews.

Madelung, Wilferd, The Succession to Muhammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Mawby, Spencer, British Policy in Southwest Arabia, 1959-1967, London, Frank Cass, 2004, ISBN: 0-7146-5459-0.

McLynn, Frank, Burton: Snow Upon the Desert, London, John Murray, 1990.

Oberhelman, Steven M., The oneirocriticon of Achmet : a medieval Greek and Arabic treatise on the interpretation of dreams, Steven M. Oberhelman. Lubbock, TX, Texas Tech University Press, 1991.

Philby, St. John, Arabian Jubilee, London, Robert Hale, 1952.

Rice, Edward, Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton: A Biography, NYC, Da Capo, 1990.

Rodinson, Maxime, Mohammed, New York, Vintage Books, 1974.

S., Mary Lovell, A Rage to Live: A Biography of Richard and Isabel Burton, NYC, W.W. Norton, 1998.

Safran, Nadav, Saudi Arabia, The Ceaseless Quest for Security, Cornell University Press, 1988.

Schwartz, Stephen, The Two Faces of Islam: The House of Sa'ud from Tradition to Terror, Doubleday, 2003, Buy/Reviews.

Shoufani, E., Al-Riddah and the Muslim Conquest of Arabia, Toronto, 1972.

Sowayan, Saad Abdullah, Nabati poetry : the oral poetry of Arabia, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1985.

Spellberg, D. A., Politics, Gender, and the Islamic Past: The Legacy of 'A'isha Bint Abi Bakr, New York, Columbia University Press, 1994.

Stark, Freya, The Southern Gates of Arabia: A Journey in the Hadhramaut, NYC, Knopf, 2001, ISBN: 0-375757546, Buy/Reviews.

Taylor, Andrew, God's Fugitive: The Life of C.M. Doughty, NYC, Dorset Press, 1999, ISBN: 0002558157, Buy/Reviews.

Thomas, Lowell, With Lawrence In Arabia, Garden City, Grove Books, 1924.

Tritton, A. S., The Caliphs and their non-Muslim Subjects: A Critical Study of the Covenant of 'Umar, London, Oxford University Press, 1930.

Watt, Montgomery, Muhammad at Medina, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1956.

Watt, Montgomery, Muhammad: Prophet and Statesman, London, Oxford University Press, 1961.

Wellhausen, Julius, The Arab Kingdom and its Fall, Calcutta, University of Calcutta Press, 1927.

Wilson, Jeremy, Lawrence of Arabia: The Authorized Biography of T.E. Lawrence, NYC, Macmillan, 1987.

Wolfe, Michael, One Thousand Roads to Mecca: Ten Centuries of Travelers Writing About the Muslim Pilgrimage, NYC, Grove Press, 1999, ISBN: 0-802135994, Buy/Reviews.

64 entries. Updated: 11.01.04


Abu Jaber, Kemal, The Arab Baath Socialist Party, Syracuse, Syracuse University Press, 1966.

Al-Khatib, Muhammad Kamil and Maher Barakat, Just Like a River, Interlink Pub Group, 2002, ISBN: 1566564751, Buy/Reviews.

Aruri, Naseer H. (ed.), Middle East Crucible: Studies on the Arab-Israeli War of October, 1973, Wilmette, Illinois, Medina Press, 1975.

Ayalon, David, Outsiders in the Lands of Islam: Mamluks, Mongols, and Eunuchs, London, Variorum, 1988.

Batatu, Hanna, Syria's Peasantry, the Descendants of Its Lesser Rural Notables, and Their Politics, Princeton, Princeton Univ Pr, 1999, ISBN: 0-691002541, Buy/Reviews.

Brigman, James L., Why Israel slept: an analysis of Israel's Unpreparedness for the Yom Kippur war, Maxwell Air Force base, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 1976.

Bulloch, John, The making of a war: the Middle East from 1967 to 1973, London, Longmans, Green, 1974, ISBN: 0-582780608, Buy/Reviews.

Burgoyne, Michael H., Mamluk Jerusalem : An Architectural Study, Essex, World of Islam Festival Trust, 1987.

Burns, Lt. Gen. E. L. M., Between Arab and Israeli, London, Harrap and Co, 1962.

Burns, Ross, Monuments of Syria: A Historical Guide, NYC, Zed Books, 2000, ISBN: 1860642446, Buy/Reviews.

Commins, David Dean, Islamic Reform: Politics and Social Change in Late Ottoman Syria, New York, Oxford University Press, 1990.

Dawisha, Ade (ed.), Syria and the Lebanese Crisis, London, Macmillan, 1980.

Devlin, John, The Baath Party: A History from Its Origins to 1966, Stanford, Hoover Institution Press, 1976.

Devlin, John F., Syria: Modern State in an Ancient Land, Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press, 1983.

Elis'ef, N., Nur ad-Din: un grand prince musulman de Syrie au temps des croisades (511-569/1118-1174) (Nur ad-Din, a great Muslim prince of Syria in the period of the crusades) 3 vols, Damascus, 1967.

Firro, Kais, Inventing Lebanon : nationalism and the state under the Mandate, London, I.B. Tauris, 2003.

Frankel, Jonathan., The Damascus Affair: 'Ritual Murder,' Politics, and the Jews in 1840, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997, ISBN: 0521483964, Buy/Reviews.

Garfinkle, Adam M., War, water, and negotiation in the Middle East: the case of the Palestine-Syria border 1916-1923, Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv University, 1994.

Gawler, George, Tranquillisation of Syria & the East, London, T. & W. Boone, 1845.

Golan, Galia, The Soviet Union and Syria since the Yom Kippur war, Jerusalem, Israel, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1977.

Golan, Galia, The Soviet Union and the Arab-Israeli War of October, 1973, Jerusalem, The Hebrew University Press, 1974.

Handel, Michael I., Perception, deception and surprise: the case of the Yom Kippur war, Jerusalem, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1976.

Hinnebusch, Raymond, Syria: Revolution from Above, NYC, Routledge, 2001, ISBN: 041526779X, Buy/Reviews.

Hitti, Philip, An Arab-Syrian Gentleman and Warrior in the Period of the Crusade, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1987.

Holt, P. M., Early Mamluk Diplomacy, 1260-90: Treaties of Baybars and Qalawun with Christian Rulers, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1995.

Holt, P. M., Egypt and the Fertile Crescent, 1516-1922, A Political History, lthaca: Cornell University Press, 1966.

Holt,P. M. (ed.), The Eastern Mediterranean Lands in the Period of the Crusades, Warminster, 1977.

Hopwood, Derek, Russian Interests in Syria and Palestine, 1800-1901, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1966.

Irwin, Robert, The Middle East in the Middle Ages: The Early Mamluk Sultanate, 1250-1382, London, Croom Helm, 1986.

James, David Lewis, Qurans of the Mamluks, London, Alexandria Press, 1988.

Kass, Ilana, Soviet involvement in the Middle East, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1978.

Kerr, Malcolm H., The Arab Cold War: Gamal 'Abd al-Nasir and His Rivals, I958-1970, London, Oxford University Press, 1971.

Khalidi, Rashid, British Policy towards Syria and Palestine 1906-1914: A Study of the Antecedents of the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence, the Sykes-Picot Agreement and theBalfour Declaration, London, Ithaca Press, 1980.

Khouri, Philip, Syria and the French Mandate: The Politics of Arab Nationalism, 1920-1945, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1987.

Khourry S. P., Syria and the French mandate, The Politics of Arab Nationalism1920-1945, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1987.

Kimche, David and Dan Bawly, The Sandstorm: The Arab-Israeli War of June, 1967, Prelude and Aftermath, NYC, Stein and Day, 1971.

Laqueur, Walter, The Road to War: The Origins and Aftermath of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1967-8, Baltimore, Penguin Books, 1968.

Levanoni, A., A Turning Point in Mamluk History: The Third Reign of al-Nasir Muhammad b. Qalawun 1318-1341, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1995.

Lewis, Bernard., Semites & Anti-Semites, NYC, WW Norton & Co, 1986, ISBN: 0393304205, Buy/Reviews.

Little, Donald P., An Introduction to Mamluk Hisoriography: an Analysis of Arabic Analistic and Geographical Sources for the Reign of al-Malik an-Nasir Muhammad b. Qala'un, Montreal, McGill-Queens University Press, 1970.

Lobmeyer, Hans Gunter, Opposition and Resistance in Syria, London, I.B. Tauris, 2001, ISBN: 1-86064-440-6, Buy/Reviews.

Longrigg, Stephen Hemsley, Syria and Lebanon under French mandate, London, Oxford University Press, 1958.

Lutfi, Huda A., Al-Quds al-Mamlukiyya:A History of Mamluk Jerusalem Based on the Haram Documents, Berlin, Klaus Schwarz Verlag, 1985.

Ma'oz, Moshe. Asad, The Sphinx of Damascus, New York, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988.

Maghroori, Ray and Stephen M. Gorman, The Yom Kippur War: a case study in crisis decision-making in American foreign policy, DC, University Press of America, 1981, ISBN: 0-819-11374-3, Buy/Reviews.

Marcus, Abraham, The Middle East on the Eve of Modernity: Aleppo in the Eighteenth Century, New York, Columbia University Press, 1989.

Moore, John Norton (ed.), The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Volume IV: The Difficult Search for Peace (I975- I988), Part One, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1991.

Moore, John Norton (ed.), The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Volume Il: Readings, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1974.

Moore, John Norton (ed.), The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Volume Ill: Documents, Princeton, Princeton Univer- sity Press, 1974.

O'Ballance, Edgar, No victor, no vanquished: the Yom Kippur War, San Rafael, Presidio Press, 1978, ISBN: 0-891410171, Buy/Reviews.

Parker, Richard B. and Saunders, Harold H. (ed.), The Six-Day War: A Retrospective, University Press of Florida, 1996.

Peters, Joan, The Syrians in Egypt 1725-1975, Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag, 1985.

Petry, Carl F., Twilight of Majesty: The Reign of Mamluk Sultans al-Ashraf Qaytbay and Qansuh al-Ghawri in Egypt, Seattle, University of Washington Press, 1993.

Pipes, Daniel, Damascus Courts The West, Washington, D.C, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 1991.

Pipes, Daniel, Greater Syria: The History of an Ambition, NYC, Oxford University Press, 1992.

Rabinovich, Itamar, Syria under the Ba'th, 1963-1966: The Army-Party Symbiosis, Jerusalem, Israel Universities Press, 1972.

Rafeq, Abdul-Karim, The Province of Damascus 1723-1783, Beirut, Khayat, 1970.

Raff, Thomas, An Anti-Mongol Fatwa of Ibn Taimiya, Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1973.

Reed, Fred, Shattered Images:The Rise of Militant Iconoclasm in Syria, Vancouver, Canada, Talon books, 2003, ISBN: 0-88922-4854.

Russell, Malcolm B., The First Modern Arab State: Syria Under Faysal, 1918-1920, Minneapolis, Biblioteca Islamica, 1985.

Sadeque, S. F., Baybars of Egypt, Oxford, 1956.

Schiff, Zeev, Israel-Syria Negotiations: Lessons Learned 1993-1996, DC, Washington Institute For Near East Policy, 1997.

Schiff, Zeev, October earthquake: Yom Kippur 1973 (Translated by Louis Williams), Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv University, 1974.

Schweitzer, Avram, The Struggle for Syria: A Study in Post-War Arab Politics, I945-I958, London, Oxford University Press, 1965.

Seale, Patrick, Asad of Syria: The Struggle for the Middle East, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1988.

Seale, Patrick, The Struggle for Syria, NYC, Oxford University Press, 1965.

Sinai, Anne and Allen Pollack, The Syrian Arab Republic, NYC, American Academic Association for Peace in th, 1976.

Sobel, Lester A. (ed.), Israel and the Arabs: the October 1973 war, NYC, Facts on File, 1974, ISBN: 0-871961733, Buy/Reviews.

Thompson, Elizabeth, Colonial Citizens : Republican Rights, Paternal Privilege, and Gender in French Syria and Lebanon (History and Society of the Modern Middle East series), NYC, Columbia Univ Press, 2000.

Tibawi, A. L., A Modern History of Syria, including Lebanon and Palestine, London, Macmillan Press, 1969.

Torrey, Gordon, Syrian Politics and the Military (I945-I958), Columbus, Ohio State University Press, 1964.

Usamah b. Munqidh, Kitab al-I'tibar. Translated by Philip K. Hitti as The Memoirs of Usamah b. Munqidh: An Arab Syrian Gentleman and Warrior. (Autobiography), New York, Columbia University Press, 1929.

Van Creveld, Martin, Military lessons of the Yom Kippur war: historical perspectives, Beverly Hills, and London, Sage Publications, 1975, ISBN: 0-803905629, Buy/Reviews.

Vermeulen, U and D. De Smet (ed.), Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras, Leuven, Peeters Publishers, 1995.

Volney, Constantine Francois Chasseboeuf, Conte de, Travels Through Syria & Egypt in the Years 1783, 1784 & 1785. London, G. G. J. & J. Robinson, 1787.

Warriner, Doreen, Land Reform and Development in the Middle East: A Study of Egypt, Syria, and Iraq, London, Oxford University Press, 1962.

Weinberger Naomi J., Syrian Intervention in Lebanon: The 1975-76 Civil War, NYC, Oxford University Press, 1986.

Wheeler, Michael O. Gay, Kemper V., Nuclear weapons and the 1973 Middle East war, Washington, DC, Center for National Security Negotiations, 1996.

Wilson, Jeremy, Lawrence of Arabia: The Authorized Biography of T.E. Lawrence, NYC, Macmillan, 1987.

Wolff, R. L. (ed.), A History of the Crusades, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1975.

Ziadeh, N. A., Urban Life in Syria under the Early Mamluks, Westport, 1953.

82 entries. Updated: 11.01.04


Awret, Irene, 1920, Days of honey : the Tunisian boyhood of Raphael Uzan, New York, Schocken Books, 1984.

Borowiec, Andrew, Taming the Sahara: Tunisia Shows a Way While Others Falter, NYC, Greenwood, 2003, ISBN: 0-275-97647-5.

Bourguiba, Habib, Introduction to the History of the National Movement, Tunis, Ministry of Cultural Affairs and Information, 1962.

Brown, Loon Carl, The Tunisia of Ahmed Bey, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1974.

King, Stephen J., Liberalization Against Democracy: The Local Politics of Economic Reform in Tunisia, Indiana University Press, 2003, ISBN: 0-253215838, Buy/Reviews.

Micaud, Charles A., with Leon Carl Brown and Clement Henry Moore, Tunisia: The Politics of Modernization, New York, Praeger, 1964.

Mzali, Mohammed-Salah, and Jean. Pignon (ed.), Kheredine, homme d'etat: memoires, Tunis, Maison Tunisienne de I'Edition, 1971.

Zartman, I. William, Tunisia : the political economy of reform, Boulder, CO, Rienner, 1991, ISBN: 1-55587-230-1, Buy/Reviews.

Ziadeh, Nicola, Origins of Nationalism in Tunisia, Beirut, American University of Beirut Press, 1962.

9 entries. Updated: 11.01.04

Turkey & Ottoman Empire-Click Here

United Arab Emirates (UAE)

Heard-Bey, Frauke, From Trucial States to United Arab Emirates, London & NYC, Longman, 1982, ISBN: 0-582-78032-2, Buy/Reviews.

Holton, Patricia, Mother Without a Mask: A Westerner's Story of Her Arab Family, Cathie Kyle, 2001, ISBN: 185626288X, Buy/Reviews.

Kechichian, Joseph A. (ed.), A Century in Thirty Years : Shaykh Zayed and the United Arab Emirates, DC, Middle East Policy Council, 2000, ISBN: 0-943-18208-5, Buy/Reviews.

3 entries. Updated: 01.08.03


Aithie, Charles, and Patricia Aithie, Yemen: Jewel of Arabia, Stacey Intl, 2000, ISBN: 1900988151, Buy/Reviews.

Bury, George W., and Smith, Clive, Arabia Infelix : Or the Turks in Yamen, Garnet Pub Ltd, 1999.

Dorsky, Susan, Women of `Amran : a Middle Eastern ethnographic study, Salt Lake City, University of Utah Press, 1986.

Dresch, Paul, A History of Modern Yemen, Cambridge, Eng, Cambridge Univ Press, 2001, ISBN: 0-52179482X, Buy/Reviews.

Golan, Aviezer, Operation Susannah, NYC, Harper & Row, 1978.

Halliday, Fred, Revolution and Foreign Policy : The Case of South Yemen 1967-1987, Cambridge, Eng, Cambridge Univ Press, 2002, ISBN: 0-52189164, Buy/Reviews.

Marechaux, Pascal, and Maria Marechaux, Impressions of Yemen, Flammarion, 1997, ISBN: 208013647X, Buy/Reviews.

7 entries. Updated: 01.08.03

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