Biography of Marwan Barghouti
Barghouti was active in advocating reform in the PNA and in political organization of the Fatah. He is considered to represent the Palestinian "young guard" and the interests of residents of the West Bank and Gaza as opposed to the "outsiders" of PLO Tunis.
In 2000, Barghouti played a key role in instigating the second Intifada. In an interview to Al Ayyam, London, published on September 29, 2001, Barghouthi explained
During the second Intifada, Barghouthi organized the Tanzim and Al-Aqsa Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades and was a central figure in the "National and Islamic Front which included extremist Fatah activists, extreme Marxist PLO factions such as the DFLP and PFLP, and the Islamist groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad, groups that do not belong the the PLO. Al-Aqsa martyrs brigades were responsible for numerous terror hits in Israel and was identified as a terrorist group by the US State Department. Barghouthi was captured by Israel in March of 2002, tried and convicted of the murders of five people on June 6, 2004, and sentenced to 5 consecutive life sentences. He claimed he did not recognize the jurisdiction of the court.
According to Palestinian sources, Barghouthi considers any Palestinian who bargains over the 1967 borders a traitor, and believes that this issue may lead to the destruction of the Palestinian people. In a Washington Post article, Barghouthi claimed he advocates recognition of Israel, and a peace solution based on 1967 borders and a "just solution" of the refugee problem based on UN resolutions, without mentioning the right of return specifically. Barghouthi does not consider that the US can be an impartial mediator and would favor European intervention.
In late 2004, following the death ofYasser Arafat, Barghouthi was touted as a candidate for the office of PNA President and initially attracted a great deal of popular support. At first it appeared that Fatah officials had dissuaded him from running, but he reversed his decision, and was registered as a candidate by his wife. The Fatah leadership announced that he was expelled from the Fatah, and that the Fatah would have only one candidate.
See also - Barghouti, Marwan
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