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Bibliography : Islam and the Arab World in the Middle Ages and Ottoman Periods

This page lists primarily works about Islam and the Arabs prior to modern times. The main bibliography page links to additional bibliographies of the Arab Middle East, Women, Oil, country bibliographies and other special topics.

See also Islam and Islamic Fundamentalism - for modern Islam, The Arab Middle East and North Africa Women in the Middle East  etc.

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Abbott, Nabia, Historical Texts, Vol. 1, Studies in Arabic Literary Papyri, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1957.

Abd Allah b. Buluggin al-Ziri al-Sanhaji, Al-Tibyan, Edited by Levi-Provencal. Trans. A.T. Tibi, Cairo, 1963.

Abd al-Wahid al-Marrakushi(d. 1270), Al- Mu'jib. Trans. A. Huici, Miranada, Tetuan, 1955.

Ahmad, Barakat, Muhammad and the Jews, New Delhi, Vikas Publishing House, 1979.

Al-Hujwiri, The Kashf al-Mahjub, the Oldest Persian Treatise on Sufism, London, Luzac Press, 1959.

Al-Juvayni, Ata Malik, The History of the World Conqueror. 2 Vols. Translated by J. A. Boyle, Manchester, 1958.

Al-Tabari, Abu, General Introduction and From the Creation to the Flood. Edited and translated by Franz Rosenthal. Vol. 1, The History of al-Tabari, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1989.

Al-Tabari, Abu, Ja'far Muhammad b. Jarir. Ta'rikh al-rusul wa'l-muluk (Annals), Edited by M. J. de Goeje. 15 vols, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1901.

Al-Tabari, Abu, Muhammad at Mecca. Edited and translated by W. M. Watt and M. V. McDonald. Vol. 6. The History of al-Tabar?, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1988.

Al-Tabari, Abu, The Foundation of the Community. Edited and translated by W. M. Watt and M. V. McDonald. Vol. 7, The History of al-Tabari, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1989.

Al-Tabari, Abu, The Last Years of the Prophet. Edited and translated by Ismail K. Poonawala. Vol. 9, The History of al-Tabari, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1990.

Andrae, T. J. E., Muhammad, the Man and His Faith. Translated by Theophil Menzel, New York, Ayer Company Publishers Incorporated, 1971.

Ansary, A.R. (ed.), Sources for the History of Arabia, Riyadh, University of Riyadh Press, 1957.

Asali. , K. J. (ed.), Jerusalem in History, Essex, Scorpion Publishing Ltd, 1989.

Assad, Sadik, The reign of al-Hakim bi Amr Allah (386/996-411/1021), A Political Study, Beirut, 1974.

Atiyeh, George N., John Stothoff Badeau, John R. Hayes, The Genius of Arab Civilization : Source of Renaissance, NYC, New York University Press, 1992.

Atiyeh, George N.ta (et. al.), The Genius of Arab civilization : source of Renaissance, New York, New York University Press, 1992.

Ayalon, David, Outsiders in the Lands of Islam: Mamluks, Mongols, and Eunuchs, London, Variorum, 1988.

Baladhuri, Ahmad b. Yahya, Futuh al-Buldan Translated by Philip Hitti and Francis Murgotten as The Origins of the Islamic State. 2Vols, New York, Columbia University Press, 1924.

Beeston, A. F. L., Johnstone, T. M., R. B. Serjeant, and G. R. Smith. (ed.), Arabic Literature to the end of the Umayyad Period, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Benjamin of Tudela, The Travels, 1160-73. Trans. and edited by M. Komroff, London, 1928.

Birkland, Harris, The Lord Guideth: Studies on Primitive Islam, Oslo, I Kommisjon Hos H. Aschehoug & Co, 1956.

Blair, Sheila , Jonathan M. S. Blair and S. Bloom, The art and architecture of Islam 1250-1800, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1994.

Bonebakker, S.A and Michael Fishbein (ed.), A reader of classical Arabic literature, Venice, Cafoscarina : Universit?a Ca' Foscari di Venezia, 1995.

Bosworth, C. E., Sistan under the Arabs, Rome, 1968.

Bosworth, C. E., The 'Abbasid Caliphate in Equilibrium: The Caliphates of Musa al-Hadi and Harun al-Rashid A. D. 785-809. Translation of The History of al-Tabari Vol. 30, Albany, SUNY Press, 1989.

Bowen, H., The Life and Times of 'Ali b. 'Isa: the Good Vizier, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1928.

Bravmann, M. M., Spiritual Background of Early Islam, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1972.

Bretschneider, E., Medieval Researches from Eastern Asiatic Sources. 2 Vols, London, 1888.

Burgoyne, Michael H., Mamluk Jerusalem : An Architectural Study, Essex, World of Islam Festival Trust, 1987.

Bury, George W., and Smith, Clive, Arabia Infelix : Or the Turks in Yamen, Garnet Pub Ltd, 1999.

Cahen, Claude, L'Islam des origines au debut de l'empire ottoman, Paris, Bordas, 1970.

Canard, M., Histoire de la dynastie des Hamdanides de Jazira et de Syrie, Paris, 1953.

Chejne, Anwar G., Islam and the West: The Moriscos, Albany, SUNY Press, 1983.

Cohen, Mark, Jewish Self Government in Medieval Egypt: The Origins of the Office of the Head of the Jews, ca 1065-1126, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1980.

Cohen, Mark, R., Under Crescent and Cross, The Jews in the Middle Ages, Princeton, Princeton Univ. Press, 1994.

Collins, Roger, The Arab Conquest of Spain, Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press, 1989.

Cook, Michael A., Early Muslim Dogma, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Creswell, K. A. C., The Muslim Architecture of Egypt. Vol.1, Ikhshids and Fatimids, Oxford, Oxford Unicersity Press, 1952.

Crone, Patricia, Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam, Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press, 1987.

Crone, Patricia and M. Cook, Hagarism: The Making of the Islamic World, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Dabashi, Hamid, Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the Establishment of the Umayyads, New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers Univ, 1989.

Daftary, Farhad (ed.), Mediaeval Ismaili History and Thought, Cambridge, Eng, Cambridge University Press, 1996, ISBN: 0-521003105, Buy/Reviews.

Daftary, Farhad, The Assassin Legends: Myths of the Ismailis, London, I.B. Tauris, 1994, ISBN: 1850439508, Buy/Reviews.

Dammen McAuliffe, Jane, Abbasid Authority Affirmed: The Early Years of al-Mansur,A. D. 753-63. Translation of The History of al-Tabari, Vol. 28, Albany, SUNY Press, 1995.

De Corancez, Louis Alexandre, History of the Wahabis (Founders of Saudi Arabia, Garnet Pub, 1997, ISBN: 1859640362, Buy/Reviews.

Dennet, D., Conversion and the Poll-Tax in Early Islam, Cambridge Mass, Harvard University Press, 1950.

Donner, F., Narratives of Islamic Origins, New Jersey, Darwin Press, 1998.

Donner, F. M., The Early Islamic Conquests, New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 1981.

Duri, A. A., The Rise of Historical Writing Among the Arabs. (Lawrence Conrad Trans), Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1983.

Ehrenkreuz, Andrew S., Saladin, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1972.

Elis?ef, N., Nur ad-Din: un grand prince musulman de Syrie au temps des croisades (511-569/1118-1174) (Nur ad-Din, a great Muslim prince of Syria in the period of the crusades) 3 vols, Damascus, 1967.

Ephrat, Daphna, A Learned Society in a Period of Transition: The Sunni "Ulama" of Eleventh Century Baghdad, Albany, State Univ of New York, 2000, ISBN: 0-791446468, Buy/Reviews.

Ettinghausen, Richard and Grabar, Oleg, The Art and Architecture of Islam 650-1250, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1987.

Faruqi, N., A.Early Muslim Historiography, New Delhi, Idarah-i Adabiyat-i Delli, 1979.

Fletcher, Richard, Moorish Spain, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1984.

Fregosi, Paul, T., Jihad in the West: Muslim Conquests from the 7th to the 21st Centuries, NYC, Prometheus Books, 1998.

Geiger, Abraham, Judaism and Islam. Edited by M. Pearlman, New York, Ktav Publishing House, 1970.

Gib, H.A.R., The Life of Saladin, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1973.

Gibb, H. A. R. and H. Bowen, Islamic Society and the West. 2 Vols, Oxford, 1951.

Gibb, H. A. R. trans, The Travels of Ibn Battuta. 3 Vols, Cambridge, Hakluyt Society, 1971.

Grabar, Oleg, Medieval Jerusalem and Islamic Worship: Holy Places, Ceremonies, Pilgrimage, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1994.

Grabar, Oleg, Studies in Medieval Islamic Art, London, Variorum Reprints, 1976.

Grabar, Oleg, The Alhambra, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1978.

Grabar, Oleg, The Shape of the Holy: Early Islamic Jerusalem, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1996.

Groom, Nigel St. J., Frankincense and Myrrh: a Study of the Arabian Incense Trade, London, Longman, 1981.

Grunebaum, G. E. von, Classical Islam: a History 600-1258, New York, Barnes & Noble Inc, 1997, ISBN: 0760702101.

Haddad W.W. and Ochsenwald W., Nationalism in a non-national state : the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, Ohio State Univ. Press, 1977.

Hallaq, Wael B., A History of Islamic Legal Theories: An Introduction to Sunni usul al-fiqh, Cambridge, Eng, Cambridge University Press, 1999, ISBN: 0-521599865, Buy/Reviews.

Hamidullah, M., Muslim Conduct of State, Lahore, Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1961.

Hamidullah, M., The Battlefields of the Prophet Muhammad with Maps Illustrations and Sketches: A Contribution to Muslim Military History, Hyderabad, 1973.

Hamidullah, M., The First Written-Constitution in the World, Lahore, Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1968.

Hamidullah, Muhammad, Le Prophete de l'Islam. 2 vols, Paris, Vrin, 1959.


Haskins, Charles H., The Renaissance of the 12th Century, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1927.

Hawting, G. R., The First Dynasty of Islam: The Umayyad Caliphate A.D.661-750, London, Croom Helm Ltd.,1986, 1986.

Holt P. M. and Bernard Lewis (ed.), Cambridge History of Islam, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1970.

Holt, P. M., Early Mamluk Diplomacy, 1260-90: Treaties of Baybars and Qalawun with Christian Rulers, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1995.

Holt,P. M. (ed.), The Eastern Mediterranean Lands in the Period of the Crusades, Warminster, 1977.

Hourani, Albert Habib, The Ottoman background of the modern Middle East, London, Harlow Longmans, 1970.

Humphreys, R. S., From Saladin to the Mongols, The Ayyubids of Damascus. Albany, SUNY Press, 1977.

Ibn 'Abd al-Mun'im al-Himyari, Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah. Rawd al-Mi'taar fiakhbar al-Aqtar. Edited and Trans. by E. Levi-Provencal, Leiden, Brill, 1938.

Ibn Ishaq, M., 4 Vols. As Sira An Nabawiyya. Edited by Mustafa Saqqi, Ibrahim Abyari, and 'Abdu'l Hafiz Shalabi, Cairo.

Ibn Ishaq, Muhammad, The Life of Muhammad. Edited, translated, and with an introduction by Alfred Guillaume, Karachi, Oxford University Press, 1955.

Ibn Khallikan (1211-82)., Biographical Dictionary. 4 vols. Trans. Baron M. de Slane, London, 1871.

Ibn Qalanisi (1070-1160)., The Damascus Chronicle of the Crusades. Edited by H. A. R. Gibb, London, 1932.

Ibn al-Jubayr, Muhammad b.Ahmad. (1145-1217)., The Travels. Trans. R. J. C. Broadbent, London, 1952.

Ibn al-Nadim, The Fihrist. Edited and translated by Bayard Dodge. 2 vols, New York, Columbia University Press, 1970.

Irwin, Robert, The Middle East in the Middle Ages: The Early Mamluk Sultanate, 1250-1382, London, Croom Helm, 1986.

Issawi, Charles Philip, The economic history of the Middle East, 1800-1914, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1966.

Itzkowitz, N., The Ottoman Empire and the Islamic Tradition, New York, 1972.

Ivanow, W., Ismaili Tradition Concerning the Rise of the Fatimids, Calcutta, 1942.

Jafri, S. H. M., The Origins and Early Development of Shi'a Islam, London, Longman, 1979.

James, David Lewis, Qurans of the Mamluks, London, Alexandria Press, 1988.

Jayyusi, Salma Khadra (ed.), The Legacy of Muslim Spain, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1992.

Juynboll, G. H. A. (ed.), Studies on the First Centuries of Islamic Society. Papers on Islamic History, Carbondale, South Illinois University Press, 1982.

Kabir, M., The Buwayhid Dynasty of Baghdad, Calcutta, 1964.

Keddie N., Sayyid Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani: A Political Biography, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1972.

Kennedy, Hugh, Muslim Spain and Portugal, London and New York, Longman, 1996.

Kennedy, Hugh, The Early Abbasid Caliphate, A Political History, London, 1981.

Kennedy, Hugh, The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates, the Islamic Near East from the Sixth to the Eleventh Century, Longmann, 1991.

Kister, M. J., Society and Religion from Jahiliyya to Islam, Hampshire, Variorum Reprints, 1990.

Kister, M. J., Studies in Jahiliyya and Early Islam, London, Variorum Reprints, 1980.

Lambton, A. K. S., Reflections on the Iqta," Arabic and Islamic Studies in Honour of Hamilton A. R. Gibb, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1965.

Lambton, Ann K., State and Government in Medieval Islam, NYC, Oxford Univ. Press, 1981.

Lane-Poole, Stanley, The Moors in Spain, London, T Fisher Unwin, 1888.

Lapidus, Ira M., A History of Islamic Societies, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Lapidus, Ira M., Muslim Cities in the Later Middle Ages, Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press, 1967.

Levanoni, A., A Turning Point in Mamluk History: The Third Reign of al-Nasir Muhammad b. Qalawun 1318-1341, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1995.

Lewis, Bernard, Islam in History, London, 1973.

Lewis, Bernard (ed.), Islam, from the Prophet Muhammad to the capture of Constantinople Vol I, New York, Harper & Row, 1974, ISBN: 0061317497.

Lewis, Bernard (ed.), Islam, from the Prophet Muhammad to the capture of Constantinople Vol II, New York, Harper & Row, 1974, ISBN: 0061317500.

Lewis, Bernard, The Assassins: A Radical Sect in Islam, NYC, Basic Books, 2002, ISBN: 0-465004989, Buy/Reviews.

Lewis, Bernard, The Origins of Isma'ilism: A Study of the Historical Background of the Fatimid Caliphate, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1940.

Lifchez , Raymond (ed.), The Dervish lodge : architecture, art, and Sufism in Ottoman Turkey, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1992.

Lings, Martin, Muhammad: His Life based on the Earliest Sources, New York, Inner Traditions Internatinal, 1987.

Lister, R. P., Genghis Khan, New York, Barnes and Noble, 1993.

Little, Donald P., An Introduction to Mamluk Hisoriography: an Analysis of Arabic Analistic and Geographical Sources for the Reign of al-Malik an-Nasir Muhammad b. Qala'un, Montreal, McGill-Queens University Press, 1970.

Lutfi, Huda A., Al-Quds al-Mamlukiyya:A History of Mamluk Jerusalem Based on the Haram Documents, Berlin, Klaus Schwarz Verlag, 1985.

Lyons, M. C. and Jackson D. E. P., Saladin: The Politics of the Holy War, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Lyons, U. and M. C. and Riley Smith, J., Ayyubids, Mamlukes and Crusaders, Cambridge, Heffer, 1971.

Maalouf, Amin and Rotchschild, Jon, The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, NYC, Schocken Books, 1989, ISBN: 0805208984, Buy/Reviews.

Madelung, Wliferd and Walker, Paul E., The Advent of the Fatimids: A Contemporary Shi'i Witness. An English Translation of Ibn al-Haytham's Kitab al-Munazarat, London, I. B. Tauris, 2000.

Maguire, Eunice Dauterman, Weavings from Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic Egypt: The Rich Life and the Dance, Urbana-Champagne, University of Illinois, 1999.

Makdisi, George (ed.), Arabic and Islamic Studies in Honour of Hamilton, A. R. Gibb, Leiden: Brill, 1965.

Massignon, L., The Passion of al-Hallaj, Mystic and Martyr of Islam. Translated by Mason, H. 4 Vols, Princeton, NJ, Princeton, 1982.

Menocal, Maria Rosa, The Arabic role in medieval literary history : a forgotten heritage, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1987.

Mez, A., The Renaissance of Islam. Translated by Khuda Bakhsh, London, 1937.

Moktefi, Mokhtar, et al, The Arabs : In the Golden Age, Millbrook Press, 1992.

Moreh, Shmuel, Live Theatre and Dramatic Literature in the Medieval Arab World, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1992.

Morgan, David O., The Mongols, Cambridge, Mass, Blackwell, 1986.

Morony, M.G., Iraq after the Muslim Conquest, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1984.

Motzki, H., The Biography of Muhammad, Leiden, Brill, 1999.

Muir, William, The Life of Mahomet, London, Smith Elder & Co, 1877.

Nasir-i Khusrau[d. 1087], Safarname [Book of Travels]. Trans. W. M. Thackson, New York, 1986.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein, Islamic art & spirituality, New York, Oxford University Press, 1990.

Newby, G. D., A History of the Jews of Arabia from Ancient Times to their Eclipse Under Islam. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1988.

Newby, G. D., The Making of the Last Prophet: A Reconstruction of the Earliest Biography of Muhammad, Columbia, University of South Carolina Press, 1989.

Newby, P. H., Saladin in His Time, London, Faber and Faber, 1983.

Nizam al-Mulk, The Book of Government. Trans. H. Darke, London, 1960.

Oberhelman, Steven M., The oneirocriticon of Achmet : a medieval Greek and Arabic treatise on the interpretation of dreams, Steven M. Oberhelman. Lubbock, TX, Texas Tech University Press, 1991.

Omar, F., The 'Abbasid Caliphate 132/750-170/786, Baghdad, 1969.

Peters , F.E. (ed.), A Reader on classical Islam, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1994, ISBN: 0691000409.

Peters, F. E., Muhammad and the Origins of Islam, Albany, NY, State University of New York Press, 1994.

Petry, Carl F., Twilight of Majesty: The Reign of Mamluk Sultans al-Ashraf Qaytbay and Qansuh al-Ghawri in Egypt, Seattle, University of Washington Press, 1993.

Pipes, Daniel, Slave Soldiers and Islam, New Haven, 1981.

Poonawala, Ismail K., A Bibliography of Isma'ili Literature, Malibu, 1967.

Rabie, H., The Financial System of Egypt, 1169-1341, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1972.

Raff, Thomas, An Anti-Mongol Fatwa of Ibn Taimiya, Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1973.

Rashid al-Din, Histoire des Mongols de la Perse.Translated and Edited by E. Quatrere, Paris, 1836.

Rashid al-Din, The Successors of Genghis Khan Translated by J. A. Boyle, New York and London, 1971.

Renard, John, Islam and the heroic image : themes in literature and the visual arts, Columbia, S.C, University of South Carolina Press, 1993.

Reynolds, Dwight Fletcher, Heroic poets, poetic heroes : the ethnography of performance in an Arabic oral epic tradition, Ithaca, N.Y, Cornell University Press, 1995.

Richards, D. S. (ed.), Islamic Civilization, 950-1150, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1973.

Rippin, Andrew, Literary Analysis of Qur'an, Tafsir and Sura." In Approaches to Islam in Religious Studies. Edited by R. C. Martin., Tucson:, University of Arizona Press, 1985.

Rippin, Andrew, Muslims: Religious Beliefs and Practices. - The Formative Period, New York, Routledge, 2001.

Rosenthal, Franz, A History of Muslim Historiography, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1968.

Royster, J. E., The Meaning of Muhammad for Muslims: A Phenomenological Study of Recurrent Images of the Prophet, Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms, 1971.

Sachedina, A. A., Islamic Messianism: The Idea of the Mahdi in Twelver Shi'ism, Albany, SUNY Press, 1981.

Sadeque, S. F., Baybars of Egypt, Oxford, 1956.

Sagang Sechen, A History of the Eastern Mongols to 1662. Part 1. Translated by J. R. Krueger. Mongolia society Ocasional Papers no. 2, Bloomington, India University Press, 1964.

Sanders, Paula, Ritual, Politics, and the City in Fatimid Cairo, Albany, Suny Press, 1994.

Sarton, George, Introduction to the history of science, Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1948.

Sarton, George Otto Harrassowitz, A guide to the history of science; a first guide for the study of the history of science with introductory essays on science and tradition, New York, Ronald Press Co, 1952.

Saunders, J. J., Muslims and Mongols, Christchurch, NZ, 1977.

Saunders, J. J., The History of the Mongol Conquests, London, 1971.

Schimmel, Annemarie, Pain and grace : a study of two mystical writers of eighteenth-century Muslim India, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1976.

Schimmel, Annemarie, The Triumphal Sun: A Study of the Works of Jalaludin Rumi, Albany, NY, State University of New York Press, 1993.

Setton, K. (ed.), History of the Crusades, Pennsylvania, 1969.

Sharif, M.M., A HISTORY OF MUSLIM PHILOSOPHY, Weisbaden, Germany, Otto Harrassowitz, 1966.

Sharon, M., Black Banners from the East, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1983.

Shoufani, E., Al-Riddah and the Muslim Conquest of Arabia, Toronto, 1972.

Sirat Sayf ibn Dhi Yazan, English. Selections The adventures of Sayf ben Dhi Yazan : an Arab folk epic -translation and narration by Lena Jayyusi ; introduction by Harry Norris, Bloomington, Ind, Indiana University Press, 1996.

Slyomovics, Susan, The object of memory : Arab and Jew narrate the Palestinian village, Philadelphia, PA, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998.

Spellberg, D. A., Politics, Gender, and the Islamic Past: The Legacy of 'A'isha Bint Abi Bakr, New York, Columbia University Press, 1994.

Spuler, Bertold, The History of the Mongols, London, 1972.

Spuler, Bertold, The Mongol Period, Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1969.

Stierlin, Henri, Islam Vol. 1. Early Architecture from Baghdad to Cordoba, Koln, Taschen, 1996.

Swartz, Merlin L. (ed.), Studies on Islam, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1981.

Usamah b. Munqidh, Kitab al-I'tibar. Translated by Philip K. Hitti as The Memoirs of Usamah b. Munqidh: An Arab Syrian Gentleman and Warrior. (Autobiography), New York, Columbia University Press, 1929.

Vansina, Jan, Oral Tradition as a Source of History, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.

Vatikiotis, P., The Fatimid Theory of the State, Lahore, 1957.

Vermeulen, U and D. De Smet (ed.), Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras, Leuven, Peeters Publishers, 1995.

Villiers, Alan John, Sons of Sinbad; an account of sailing with the Arabs in their dhows, in the Red Sea, around the coasts of Arabia, ... the shipmasters, the mariners, and merchants of Kuwait, NYC, C. Scribner's Sons, 1940.

Von Kremer, Wakidy's History of Muhammad's Campaigns, Calcutta, ??, 1855.

Wahba, Mourad and Mona Abousenna (ed.), Averroes and the Enlightenment, Amherst, N.Y, Prometheus Books, 1996.

Walker, Paul E., Early Shiism: The Ismaili Neoplatonism of Abu Ya'ub al-Sijistani, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Wansborough, John, The Sectarian Milieu, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1978.

Wansbrough, J., Quranic Studies, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1977.

Wasserstein, David, The Rise and Fall of the Party Kings: Politics and Society in Islamic Spain, 1002-1086, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1985.

Watt, Montgomery W., ISLAMIC SURVEYS: THE INFLUENCE OF ISLAM ON MEDIEVAL EUROPE, Edinburgh, Edinburgh Univ. Press, 1972.

Watt, W. M., Muhammad at Medina, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1956.

Watt, W. M., Muhammad's Mecca: History in the Quran, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1988.

Watt, W. Montgomery, Muhammad Prophet and Statesman, London, Oxford University Press, 1961.

Watt, W. Montgomery, Muhammad at Mecca, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1953.

Wellhausen, Julius, The Arab Kingdom and its Fall, Calcutta, University of Calcutta Press, 1927.

Wensinck, A. J., A Handbook of Early Muhammadan Tradition, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1927.

Wensinck, A. J. (ed.), Mohammed en de Joden te Medina. Edited and translated by W. Behn as Muhammad and the Jews of Medina, Freiburg in Breisgau, K. Schwarz, 1975.

Widengren, Geo, The Ascension of the Apostle and the Heavenly Book, Uppsala, A. B. Lundequistska Bokhandeln, 1950.

Wiet, Gaston, Baghdad: Metropolis of the Abbasid Caliphate, Tulsa, Univ of Oklahoma Pr, 1971, ISBN: 0-80610922X, Buy/Reviews.

William of Tyre, A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea. 2 Vols. Trans. E. A. Babcock and A.C, Krey, New York, 1953.

Williams, John Alden., The 'Abbasid Revolution, A. D. 743-50. Translation of The History of al-Tabari Vol. 28, Albany, SUNY Press, 1985.

Wolff, R. L. (ed.), A History of the Crusades, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1975.

Yusuf Ali, A., The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary, Leicester, The Islamic Foundation, 1975.

Zaman, Muhammad Qasim, Religion and Politics Under the Early 'Abbasids: The Emergence of the Proto-Sunni Elite, NYC, Brill, 1997, ISBN: 9-004106782, Buy/Reviews.

Ziadeh, N. A., Urban Life in Syria under the Early Mamluks, Westport, 1953.

206 entries. Updated: 02.08.03



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