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Salah Jadid

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Salah Jadid

Salah Jadid (or Salah al Jadid) (1926- ) is a Syrian military leader and politician. In 1959, with Hafez Assad  and other officers belonging to the Ba'th Party, he formed the secret Military Committee. In 1961, Jadid was part of the move to dissolve the Syrian union with Egypt, the United Arab Republic. In 1963, he played a leading role in the Baath coup, but in 1964 he was forced out of the Baath government. Jadid then helped engineer the 1966 coup that ulimately brought Hafez Assad to power in 1966 in Syria. He had Nuredin al Attasi appointed Prime Minister.

In 1970 however,  allies of Hafez al-Assad had Jadid arrested following his involvement in the attempted Syrian takeover of Jordan, which was apparently his initiative. He was imprisoned until 1983, and has since been  under civil surveillance. Jadid is a strong socialist and moved Syria further into the influence of the communist bloc.

 


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Encyclopedia of the Middle East

Note - This encyclopedia is a work in progress. It is far from complete and is being constructed and improved all the time. If you would like to contribute articles or expansions of existing articles, please contact news (at) mideastweb.org.  Suggestions and corrections are welcome. The concise version of this dictionary is at our Middle East Glossary.

Spelling - Spelling of words in Middle-Eastern languages is often arbitrary. There may be many variants of the same name or word such as Hezbollah, Hizbolla, Hisbolla or Husayn and Hussein. There are some conventions for converting words from Semitic languages such as Arabic and Hebrew There are numerous variant renderings of the same Arabic or Hebrew words, such as "Hizbollah," "Hisbulla" etc. It is not possible to find exact equivalents for several letters. 

Pronunciation - Arabic and Hebrew vowels are pronounced differently than in English. "o" is very short. The "a" is usually pronounced like the "a" in market, sometimes as the "a" in "Arafat."  The " 'A " is guttural.  " 'H "- the 'het ('Hirbeh, 'Hebron, 'Hisbollah') designates a sound somewhat similar to the ch in "loch" in Scots pronunciation, but made by touching the back of your tongue to the roof of your mouth. The CH should be pronounced like Loch, a more assertive consonant than 'het.

The "Gh" combination, and sometimes the "G," designate a deep guttural sound that Westerners may hear approximately as "r." The "r" sound is always formed with the back of the tongue, and is not like the English "r."

More information: Hebrew, Arabic

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Salah Jadid