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Parthia

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Parthia

Parthia was a region in ancient Persia corresponding approximately to Northwest Khurasan. It was called Parthava by the Persians.

Parthia is probably the region named Partukka or Partakka, known to the Assyrians as early as the seventh century B.C. It may have been a part of Media. Media was conquered by Cyrus (Kurush) the Great, of the Achaemenid dynasty.

Parthia was the seat of an empire begun by the Arsacid dynasty about 2500 B.C.E after the fall of of the Seleucid kingdoms founded by Alexander the Great, who in turn, had destroyed Achaemenid  Persia. Parthia and the Arsacid kingdom were Hellenistic civilizations, rather than Persian.

 Map: Area of Parthia about 250 BCE

map of parthia

The Arsacid dynasty built Parthia into a great empire that successfully competed with ancient Rome and limited its eastward expansion until about 220 AD.

 

 

Map: Parthian Arsacid Empire

Parthian Empir Map

Ami Isseroff

October 30, 2010.


 

Synonyms and alternate spellings: Iran, Persia

Further Information: Persia  


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Encyclopedia of the Middle East

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Spelling - Spelling of words in Middle-Eastern languages is often arbitrary. There may be many variants of the same name or word such as Hezbollah, Hizbolla, Hisbolla or Husayn and Hussein. There are some conventions for converting words from Semitic languages such as Arabic and Hebrew There are numerous variant renderings of the same Arabic or Hebrew words, such as "Hizbollah," "Hisbulla" etc. It is not possible to find exact equivalents for several letters. 

Pronunciation - Arabic and Hebrew vowels are pronounced differently than in English. "o" is very short. The "a" is usually pronounced like the "a" in market, sometimes as the "a" in "Arafat."  The " 'A " is guttural.  " 'H "- the 'het ('Hirbeh, 'Hebron, 'Hisbollah') designates a sound somewhat similar to the ch in "loch" in Scots pronunciation, but made by touching the back of your tongue to the roof of your mouth. The CH should be pronounced like Loch, a more assertive consonant than 'het.

The "Gh" combination, and sometimes the "G," designate a deep guttural sound that Westerners may hear approximately as "r." The "r" sound is always formed with the back of the tongue, and is not like the English "r."

More information: Hebrew, Arabic

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