Middle East Encyclopedia

Encyclopedia of the Middle East


MidEastWeb Middle East


Hitnachlut  (Hebrew התנחלות ) - A term meaning "Settlement" as both a verb and a noun and used exclusively in modern Hebrew to signify Jewish settlement in the West bank and Gaza Strip after the Six Day War. This term was not used to signify settlement in Israel prior to 1967. Hitnachlut literally means taking over one's inherited portion of land, or settlement on an inherited portion of land.  The plural of Hitnachlut is Hitnachluyot. The pre-1967 term for settling the land was "Hityashvut."  A settler in one of these communities is a "mitnachel," plural "mitnachlim."

The term came into common use in modern Hebrew after 1967 by the Greater Israel movement and Gush Emunim, and is applied to settlement on lands occupied during the Six Day War, in particular those in the West Bank and Gaza, and not necessarily those in the Golan Heights.

A Hitnachlut is a permanent settlement. It is distinguished from a "Hayachzut," set up by the IDF as a temporary outpost ostensibly for security reasons, and a "Ma'achaz" - an outpost, generally illegal under Israeli law, that has been set up by settlers as an offshoot of a Hitnachlut.

The term Hitnachlut is not used for Jewish settlement in and around Jerusalem, which is considered to be part of Israel under Israeli law, regardless of whether it is on the Israeli side of the 1949 armistice line.

Synonyms and alternate spellings: Settlement

Further Information:

USA Credit Card - Donate On-Line - Help us live and grow

Encyclopedia of the Middle East

Note - This encyclopedia is a work in progress. It is far from complete and is being constructed and improved all the time. If you would like to contribute articles or expansions of existing articles, please contact news (at) mideastweb.org.  Suggestions and corrections are welcome. The concise version of this dictionary is at our Middle East Glossary.

Spelling - Spelling of words in Middle-Eastern languages is often arbitrary. There may be many variants of the same name or word such as Hezbollah, Hizbolla, Hisbolla or Husayn and Hussein. There are some conventions for converting words from Semitic languages such as Arabic and Hebrew There are numerous variant renderings of the same Arabic or Hebrew words, such as "Hizbollah," "Hisbulla" etc. It is not possible to find exact equivalents for several letters. 

Pronunciation - Arabic and Hebrew vowels are pronounced differently than in English. "o" is very short. The "a" is usually pronounced like the "a" in market, sometimes as the "a" in "Arafat."  The " 'A " is guttural.  " 'H "- the 'het ('Hirbeh, 'Hebron, 'Hisbollah') designates a sound somewhat similar to the ch in "loch" in Scots pronunciation, but made by touching the back of your tongue to the roof of your mouth. The CH should be pronounced like Loch, a more assertive consonant than 'het.

The "Gh" combination, and sometimes the "G," designate a deep guttural sound that Westerners may hear approximately as "r." The "r" sound is always formed with the back of the tongue, and is not like the English "r."

More information: Hebrew, Arabic

Copyright 2007- 8,  MidEastWeb for Coexistence RA.

All original materials at MidEastWeb are copyright by MidEastWeb and/or by their authors unless otherwise noted. Please do not copy materials from this Web site to your Web site or to forums without permission. Please tell your friends about MidEastWeb. Please forward these materials in e-mails to friends with links to this URL - http://www.mideastweb.org and to the URL of the material. You can print out materials for your own use or classroom use, giving the URL of  MidEastWeb. For pages marked Copyright, printed material should bear this notice:

"Copyright by MidEastWeb for Coexistence R.A - Middle East Resources. - http://www.mideastweb.org. All rights reserved. "

and should give the URL of the original. Reproduction in any other form - by permission only. Consult detailed terms of use and copyright information

Mideastweb: Middle East Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Issues in a Nutshell Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Brief History Zionism Zionism: Definition & brief history