Arab Higher Committee
1. A group established in British Mandatory Palestine by Haj Amin al-Husseini
(al-Husayni), Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, to lead the Palestine Arab uprising of 1936-1939. 2. Ostensibly the same group,
moved to Cairo following World War II, and still headed by the Mufti, but under the aegis of the Arab League.
The AHC represented Palestinian Arab interests as defined by the most extreme factors in Arab political life, rejecting all compromise on rights of Jews in Palestine.
The extremism became more pronounced after World War II, when the committee was dominated by members of the Husayni
Members of the Arab Higher Committee originally included all factions. In 1937, many of the Committee members fled or
were expelled from Palestine after the Mufti was implicated in the murder of the British commissioner for Northern
Palestine. The Mufti fled to Beirut and then to Iraq, where he helped to organize the pro-axis coup (see
The Iraq pro-Axis Coup, the Mufti and the Farhoud ). When the
coup was suppressed by the British, the Mufti fled to Nazi Germany, where he organized SS units on behalf of the Nazis
and broadcast inflammatory messages. Following the war, the French allowed him to escape while he was awaiting trial as
a war criminal, and he made his new headquarters in Cairo.
Members of the Arab Higher Committee in 1936 included:
Amin al-Husayni (who was appointed its president)
Awni Abd al-Hadi, the leader if the Istiqlal (Independence) Party, who was General Secretary
Jamal al-Husayni, Palestine Arab Party (PAP) Husayni's nephew.
Raghib al-Nashashibi, National Defence Party (NDP) eventually leader of opposition clans that were liquidated
Yaqub al-Ghusayn, Youth Congress Party (YCP)
Abd al-Latif Salah, National Bloc (NB)
Husayn al-Khalidi, Reform Party (RP)
In April 1946 the members of the Arab Higher Committee were:
From Husayni's PAP:
Dr Izzat Tannus (an independent Christian medical doctor);
Antone Attallah (a member of the Greek Orthodox community);
Ahmad al-Shukairi (a lawyer from Acre and an Arab nationalist);
Sami Taha (head of PAWS)
Dr Yusif Haykal (Independent, mayor of Jaffa)
Shukhairi ( or Shokhairi), like the Husaynis, was pro-Nazi. He eventually headed the Palestine Liberation Organization.
Synonyms and alternate spellings: