The 9-11 Commission Report
APPENDIX A COMMON ABBREVIATIONS
429 430 APPENDIX
APPENDIX B TABLE OF NAMES
U. S. OFFICIALS
APPENDIX C COMMISSION HEARINGS
The Commission held 12 public hearings during the course of its investigation, convening for a total of 19 days and receiving testimony from 160 witnesses.
The following is a list of hearings and witnesses in order of their appearance. All witnesses appearing during the 2004 calendar year testified under oath.
FIRST PUBLIC HEARING
Alexander Hamilton Customs House, NewYork, N. Y.
March 31--April 1, 2003
The Honorable George Pataki, Governor, State of New York The Honorable Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor, City of New York The Experience of the Attack Harry Waizer, survivor, Cantor Fitzgerald, LP
David Lim, Police Department, Port Authority of NewYork and New Jersey Lee Ielpi, Fire Department of New York (retired)
Lieutenant Colonel Brian Birdwell, United States Army Craig Sincock, United States Army (retired)
Representatives of the Victims Stephen Push, Families of September 11
Mary Fetchet, Voices of September 11
Mindy Kleinberg, September 11 Advocates Allison Vadhan, Families of Flight 93
The Attackers, Intelligence, and Counterterrorism Policy Daniel Byman, Georgetown University Abraham D. Sofaer, Hoover Institution Brian Jenkins, RAND Corporation Magnus Ranstorp, University of St. Andrews
Borders, Money, and Transportation Security Glenn Fine, Inspector General, U. S. Department of Justice Lee Wolosky, Boies, Schiller & Flexner LLP
Gerald Dillingham, Director, Civil Aviation Issues, General Accounting Office Law Enforcement, Domestic Intelligence, and Homeland Security Michael Wermuth, RAND Corporation Steven Brill, Author, After: How America Confronted the September 12 Era Zoכ Baird, Markle Foundation Randy Larsen, ANSER Institute for Homeland Security Immediate Response to the Attacks Shawn Kelley, Assistant Chief, Arlington County Fire Department William Baker, American Society of Civil Engineers Ken Holden, Commissioner, NewYork City Department of Design and Construction
SECOND PUBLIC HEARING
Congress and Civil Aviation Security Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C.
May 22--23, 2003
Congressional Oversight Representative Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif. )
Senator John McCain (R-Az. )
Senator Joseph Lieberman (D-Conn. )
Intelligence Oversight and the Joint Inquiry Senator Bob Graham (D-Fla. )
Senator Richard Shelby (R-Ala. )
Representative Porter Goss (R-Fla. )
Representative Jane Harman (D-Calif. )
Affected Constituencies Senator Charles Schumer (D-N. Y. )
Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-N. Y. )
Senator Jon Corzine (D-N. J. )
Senator Frank Lautenberg (D-N. J. )
Representative Jerrold Nadler (D-N. Y. )
Representative Christopher Shays (R-Conn. )
State of the System: Civil Aviation Security on September 11
Jane Garvey, former Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration Kenneth Mead, Inspector General, Department of Transportation James May, Air Transport Association of America
Bogdan Dzakovic, Civil Aviation Security Inspector, Transportation Security Agency September 11, 2001:The Attacks and the Response The Honorable Norman Mineta, Secretary of Transportation Major General Craig McKinley, Commander, 1st Air Force and the Continental United States NORAD Region (CONR)
Lieutenant General Mike Canavan (retired), former Associate Administrator for Civil Aviation Security, Federal Aviation Administrator Reforming Civil Aviation Security: Next Steps Stephen McHale, Deputy Administrator, Transportation Security Agency Major General O. K. Steele (retired), former Associate Administrator for Civil Aviation Security, Federal Aviation Administration Mary Schiavo, former Inspector General, Department of Transportation THIRD PUBLIC HEARING
Terrorism, al Qaeda, and the Muslim World Russell Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C.
July 9, 2003
Al Qaeda Rohan Gunaratna, Institute for Defence and Strategic Studies Mamoun Fandy, United States Institute of Peace Marc Sageman, University of Pennsylvania States and Terrorism Laurie Mylroie, American Enterprise Institute Judith Yaphe, National Defense University Murhaf Jouejati, Middle East Institute and George Washington University Mark Gasiorowski, Louisiana State University The Challenge within the Muslim World Rachel Bronson, Council on Foreign Relations Steven Emerson, The Investigative Project Gilles Kepel, Institute of Political Studies, Paris Dennis Ross, Washington Institute for Near East Policy FOURTH PUBLIC HEARING
Intelligence and the War on Terrorism Russell Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C.
October 14, 2003
Leadership of U. S. Intelligence James R. Schlesinger, former Director of Central Intelligence and Secretary of Defense
John M. Deutch, former Director of Central Intelligence and Deputy Secretary of Defense Intelligence and National Security Policy James B. Steinberg, The Brookings Institution and former Deputy National Security Advisor Warning of Transnational Threats Richard Kerr, former Deputy Director of Central Intelligence Mary O. McCarthy, former National Intelligence Officer for Warning, Central Intelligence Agency John Gannon, Staff Director, House Select Committee on Homeland Security FIFTH PUBLIC HEARING
Private/Public Sector Partnerships for Emergency Preparedness Drew University, Madison, N. J.
November 19, 2003
Highlights of New Jersey’s Public/Private Sector Partnerships The Honorable James E. McGreevey, Governor, State of New Jersey The Challenge of Private Sector Preparedness John Degnan, The Chubb Corporation Skyscraper Safety Issues from 9/11 Family Members Monica Gabrielle, Skyscraper Safety Campaign Sally Regenhard, Skyscraper Safety Campaign Public/Private Initiatives Since 9/11
Michael F. Byrne, Director, Office of National Capital Region Coordination, Department of Homeland Security Dennis J. Reimer, Oklahoma National Memorial Institute for Prevention of Terrorism Richard A. Andrews, National Center for Crisis and Continuity Coordination Private Sector Experience on 9/11
William Y. Yun, Fiduciary Trust Company International Standards for Emergency Management and Business Continuity Glenn Corbett, John Jay College of Criminal Justice Randall Yim, Director, National Preparedness Team, General Accounting Office Future Strategies for Private Sector Preparedness William G. Raisch, Greater New York Safety Council Peter R. Orszag, The Brookings Institution James Haviaris, Rockefeller Group Development Corporation Thomas Susman, Ropes & Gray
SIXTH PUBLIC HEARING
Security and Liberty Russell Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C.
December 8, 2003
Intelligence Collection within the United States Larry D. Thompson, former Deputy Attorney General of the United States Philip B. Heymann, former Deputy Attorney General of the United States Stephen J. Schulhofer, NewYork University, School of Law Protecting Privacy, Preventing Terrorism Judith A. Miller, former General Counsel, Department of Defense Stewart A. Baker, former General Counsel, National Security Agency Marc Rotenberg, Electronic Privacy Information Center Preventive Detention: Use of Immigration Laws and Enemy Combatant Designations to Combat Terrorism Jan Ting, Temple University Khaled Medhat Abou El Fadl, UCLA School of Law David Martin, University of Virginia School of Law and former General Counsel, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Justice Government Organization and Domestic Intelligence The Honorable William P. Barr, former Attorney General of the United States John J. Hamre, former Deputy Secretary of Defense John MacGaffin, former Associate Deputy Director for Operations, Central Intelligence Agency SEVENTH PUBLIC HEARING
Borders, Transportation, and Managing Risk Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C.
January 26--27, 2004
The Border Security System Prior to September 11
Mary A. Ryan, former Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs, Department of State Doris Meissner, former Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Justice An Incident in Florida Jose E. Melendez-Perez, Inspector, Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security Visas and Watchlisting Today Maura Harty, Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs, Department of State Russell E. Travers, Deputy Director, Information Sharing and Knowledge
Management Department, Terrorist Threat Integration Center, Central Intelligence Agency Donna A. Bucella, Director, Terrorist Screening Center, Federal Bureau of Investigation The Response to September 11 on the Borders James Ziglar, former Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Justice Robert C. Bonner, Commissioner, Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security Peter F. Verga, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Homeland Defense, Department of Defense Aviation Security on 9/11:The Regulators Jane F. Garvey, former Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration Cathal L. “Irish” Flynn, former Associate Administrator of Civil Aviation Security, Federal Aviation Administration Claudio Manno, Assistant Administrator for Intelligence, Transportation Security Administration Aviation Security on 9/11:The Airlines Edmond L. Soliday, former Vice President of Safety, Quality Assurance, and Security, United Airlines Andrew P. Studdert, former Chief Operating Officer, United Airlines Gerard J. Arpey, Chief Executive Officer, American Airlines Timothy J. Ahern, Vice President--DFW Hub, and former Vice President of Safety, Security, and Environmental, American Airlines Acts of Courage in the Sky Nydia Gonzalez, Manager, Southeast Reservations Center, American Airlines Risk Management after September 11
James M. Loy, Deputy Secretary, Department of Homeland Security EIGHTH PUBLIC HEARING
Counterterrorism Policy Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C.
March 23--24, 2004
Diplomacy The Honorable Madeleine K. Albright, former Secretary of State The Honorable Colin L. Powell, Secretary of State The Military The Honorable William S. Cohen, former Secretary of Defense The Honorable Donald H. Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense Intelligence Policy The Honorable George J. Tenet, Director of Central Intelligence
National Policy Coordination The Honorable Samuel R. Berger, former Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Richard A. Clarke, former National Coordinator for Counterterrorism, National Security Council Richard L. Armitage, Deputy Secretary of State NINTH PUBLIC HEARING
Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C.
April 8, 2004
The Honorable Condoleezza Rice, Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs TENTH PUBLIC HEARING
Law Enforcement and Intelligence Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C.
April 13--14, 2004
Law Enforcement, Counterterrorism, and Intelligence Collection in the United States Prior to 9/11
The Honorable Louis J. Freeh, former Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation The Honorable Janet Reno, former Attorney General of the United States Threats and Responses in 2001
Thomas J. Pickard, former Acting Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation Ambassador J. Cofer Black, former Director, Counterterrorism Center, Central Intelligence Agency The Honorable John Ashcroft, Attorney General of the United States The Performance of the Intelligence Community The Honorable George J. Tenet, Director of Central Intelligence Preventing Future Attacks Inside the United States John O. Brennan, Director, Terrorist Threat Integration Center, Central Intelligence Agency Lieutenant General Patrick M. Hughes, Assistant Secretary for Information Analysis, Department of Homeland Security John S. Pistole, Executive Assistant Director for Counterterrorism and Counterintelligence, Federal Bureau of Investigation James L. Pavitt, Deputy Director of Operations, Central Intelligence Agency FBI Leadership and Initiatives Post-9/11
The Honorable Robert S. Mueller III, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation Maureen Baginski, Executive Assistant Director for Intelligence, Federal Bureau of Investigation
ELEVENTH PUBLIC HEARING
Emergency Response New School University, NewYork, N. Y.
May 18--19, 2004
Alan Reiss, former Director, World Trade Center, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Joseph Morris, former Chief, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department Bernard B. Kerik, former Commissioner, NewYork Police Department ThomasVon Essen, former Commissioner, Fire Department of New York Richard Sheirer, former Director, NewYork City Office of Emergency Management Raymond W. Kelly, Commissioner, NewYork Police Department Nicholas Scoppetta, Commissioner, Fire Department of NewYork Joseph F. Bruno, Director, NewYork City Office of Emergency Management The Honorable Rudolph W. Giuliani, former Mayor, City of New York Dennis Smith, Author, Report from Ground Zero Jerome M. Hauer, former Commissioner, NewYork City Office of Emergency Management Edward P. Plaugher, Chief, Arlington County Fire Department The Honorable Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor, City of New York The Honorable Thomas J. Ridge, Secretary of Homeland Security TWELFTH PUBLIC HEARING
The 9/11 Plot and National Crisis Management National Transportation Safety Board Conference Center, Washington, D. C.
June 16--17, 2004
Al Qaeda Mary Deborah Doran, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation Patrick J. Fitzgerald, U. S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois CIA Officials Outline of the 9/11 Plot Jacqueline Maguire, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation James N. Fitzgerald, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation Adam B. Drucker, Supervisory Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation CIA Officials Military Response on 9/11
General Richard B. Myers, United States Air Force, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff
Admiral (select) Charles Joseph Leidig, United States Navy, Deputy Director for Operations, National Military Command Center General Ralph E. Eberhart, United States Air Force, Commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) and United States Northern Command Major General Larry Arnold, United States Air Force (retired), former Commander, Continental United States NORAD Region (CONR)
FAA Response on 9/11
Monte R. Belger, former Acting Deputy Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration Jeff Griffith, former Deputy Director, Air Traffic Control, Federal Aviation Administration John S. White, former Facility Manager, Air Traffic Control Systems Command Center, Federal Aviation Administration Benedict Sliney, Operations Manager, New York Terminal Radar Approach Control, Federal Aviation Administration
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